Current situation and standardization suggestions

2022-10-14
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Current situation and standardization suggestions of power transfer enterprises

according to the notice on matters related to clearing and standardizing electricity and power transfer charges (fgbg [2018] No. 787), power transfer refers to the behavior that power enterprises cannot directly supply power to end users and need to be transferred by other entities. The enterprise subject that undertakes this transfer behavior is called the transfer power supply enterprise

II. Characteristics of power transfer enterprises

power transfer enterprises are currently users of power enterprises

power transfer enterprises have invested in the construction of power facilities and distribution lines from power access points to end-user power access points

end users pay electricity fees to the power transfer enterprise, and the power transfer enterprise pays electricity fees to electricity

the measurement and settlement of power consumption expenses of power transfer enterprises are the responsibility of power enterprises, while generally, the measurement and settlement of power consumption expenses of end users are the responsibility of power transfer enterprises

power enterprises generally charge power transfer enterprises according to the two-part tariff, and power transfer enterprises generally charge end users according to the one-part tariff

the difference between the charges of power enterprises and the charges of end users will generally be amortized in the electricity consumption fees charged by power transfer enterprises to ensure the interests of power transfer enterprises

some power transfer enterprises charge end users electricity fees in the form of property management fees or service fees

some power transfer enterprises have unreasonable price increases in the process of charging electricity fees to end users

some power transfer enterprises use the cash flow of electricity charges as the basis for charging electricity charges to end users

many power transfer enterprises conform to the characteristics of existing distribution projects of non power enterprises

some power transfer enterprises are power distribution projects supporting large-scale construction projects

the power distribution projects of power supply enterprises have a clear scope of power supply areas

III Types of power transfer enterprises

the types of power transfer enterprises that meet the above characteristics mainly include:

industrial parks managed by government investment platforms

industrial parks managed by private enterprises

investment management of non electric enterprises special distribution for large end users

internal industrial parks of large state-owned enterprises

internal industrial parks of large private enterprises

commercial complexes of investment management of commercial real estate enterprises, Including shopping malls, shopping malls, office buildings

commercial hypermarkets for investment management of commercial real estate enterprises, including building materials City, furniture city, various wholesale and retail markets

property enterprises for management of commercial supporting facilities in residential areas

power distribution project investment enterprises for large-scale construction supporting projects

IV National policy for regulating power distribution projects of power transfer enterprises

in order to effectively implement the requirements of the government work report on the average reduction of general industrial and commercial electricity prices by 10%, the national development and Reform Commission issued the notice on matters related to the reduction of general industrial and commercial electricity prices (fgjg [2018] No. 500) The notice on the adjustment of value-added tax rate in the power industry and the corresponding reduction of general industrial and commercial electricity prices (fgjg [2018] No. 732), followed by the notice on matters related to clearing and standardizing electricity and power transfer charges (fgjg [2018] No. 787) Guo Neng Zongtong qualification [2018] No. 102 "notice on simplifying and optimizing licensing conditions and accelerating the power business licensing of incremental distribution projects" and fgjg [2018] No. 1191 "notice on the impact of reducing the electricity price of general industrial and commercial catalogue", these documents put forward the following requirements for power transfer Enterprises:

comprehensively clean up and standardize the charging items of power enterprises beyond the transmission and distribution electricity price. Focus on clearing and standardizing all kinds of price increases charged by operators such as industrial parks and commercial complexes to power transfer users in addition to the national sales price. Electricity in the park operated by the production area park. You can voluntarily choose to hand over power to power enterprises directly or convert it to incremental distribution. Operators such as commercial complexes should charge electricity fees from tenants according to the national sales electricity price, and the electricity consumption and loss of relevant public facilities should be settled through negotiation through rent, property fee, service fee, etc., or pay electricity fees to power enterprises according to the national sales electricity price, and all users should share them fairly according to the electricity quantity of each sub meter. (fgjg [2018] No. 500)

at present, unreasonable price increases exist in power transfer links such as commercial complexes, industrial parks, properties and office buildings in some places, and the national measures to reduce general industrial and commercial electricity prices for many times have not been effectively transmitted and implemented. Effective measures must be taken to clean up and standardize to ensure that the results of price reductions truly benefit end users. (fgjg [2018] No. 787)

if the direct power supply conditions are not met and the power transfer continues to be implemented, the power transfer main body should transmit all the price reduction policies and measures since this year to end users. The provincial competent price departments should take effective measures together with power enterprises to clean up and standardize other fees charged in the link of power transfer, and correct the illegal price increase of power transfer subjects and the failure to implement the national electricity price policy. (fgjg [2018] No. 787)

if the power transfer enterprise that meets the characteristics of the stock distribution project of non electric enterprises has been completed and put into operation before the implementation of the "orderly release of distribution business management and issuance" (hereinafter referred to as the "management measures"), the project owner can apply to the energy management department of the local government in accordance with the relevant requirements of the "management measures" and be approved to carry out distribution business, When applying for power business license (power supply), it is not required to provide project approval (examination and approval) materials, and it is sufficient to provide the certification materials issued by the energy management department of the local government to approve its power distribution business. (Guo Neng Zongtong qualification [2018] No. 102)

as a power distribution project of power transfer enterprises supporting large-scale construction projects, for the power distribution projects whose construction tasks have been specified in the approval (APPROVAL) materials of the main project, the project owner can provide the approval (approval) materials of the main project when applying for the power business license (power supply), and there is no need to provide independent approval (APPROVAL) materials of the power distribution project. (Guo Neng Zongtong qualification [2018] No. 102)

v. suggestions on the standardization of power transfer enterprises

after several rounds of research, seere energy believes that for the standardization of power transfer, we should adhere to the separation of end-user electricity charges from other shared expenses, adhere to the principles of standardization of power transfer services and legalization of the identity of power transfer enterprises, and now put forward the following suggestions on the standardization of power distribution projects of power transfer Enterprises:

negotiation and handover to power enterprises. Considering that at present, most of the power transfer enterprises are provided by power enterprises. Both parties negotiate that it is the best choice to transfer the accumulated thin layer to the power supply enterprise at the appropriate market consideration

transform into incremental distribution enterprises. If the negotiation with the power enterprise fails and the power transfer business continues to be retained, it should be transformed into an incremental power distribution enterprise within a specified time limit

entrust the operation right to a professional company with power supply license qualification. For power transfer enterprises that cannot be transferred to power enterprises or restructured into incremental distribution enterprises, the existing distribution assets can be stripped off into operational assets, and the operation rights can be entrusted to professional companies with power supply licensing qualifications to ensure the safe and legal operation of power transfer business

entrust a third party to provide comprehensive energy services by means of financial leasing. For power transfer enterprises that cannot be handed over to power enterprises or restructured into incremental distribution enterprises, they can also adopt financial leasing to negotiate with third parties with financial strength and power supply management strength to carry out comprehensive energy services, so as to regulate the legitimacy and rationality of power transfer behavior in the region

understand your needs for experimental parameters

charge electricity during the transition period and implement the filing system. During the transition period of carrying out the above standardized business, power transfer enterprises can prepare "power cost allocation report of power transfer enterprises" according to relevant regulations by self checking the distribution investment cost, distribution operation cost and actual loss of distribution in the region, and submit it to the competent price department for filing, so as to obtain the legal basis for charging in the transition period

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