The adjustment and revitalization plan of the top

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Ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plans promote industrial recovery

ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plans promote industrial recovery

China Construction machinery information

Guide: at this time last year, the state intensively issued ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plans, including automobile, steel, textile, equipment manufacturing, shipbuilding, electronic information, petrochemical, light industry, non-ferrous metals and logistics, covering all important industrial industries in China. The ten major plans and the 165 implementation details subsequently issued and implemented

at this time last year, the state intensively issued the adjustment and revitalization plan for ten major industries, including automobile, steel, textile, equipment manufacturing, shipbuilding, electronic information, petrochemical, light industry, non-ferrous metals and logistics, covering all important industrial industries in China. These ten major plans and all adopted 165 implementation rules and supporting policies for ceramic materials, which were subsequently issued and implemented, just like a good spring rain, alleviated the difficulties of enterprise production and operation, and reversed the downward trend of China's industrial growth rate in a relatively short time

according to Li Yizhong, Minister of industry and information technology, the growth rate of China's industries above Designated Size fell sharply from 16% in June 2008 to 5.4% and 5.7% in November and December, and fell to the lowest point of 3.8% in the first two months of 2009. After the revitalization plan was successively promulgated, it rebounded month by month after March, and the growth rate has remained in double digits since June, reaching 16.1% in October and 19.2% in November. The cumulative growth rate in the first 11 months was 10.3%, and it is expected to increase by about 11% in 2009

production rebounded, benefiting the people's livelihood

"the non-ferrous metal industry adjustment and revitalization plan issued by the State Council reflects the concern and support of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for the healthy development of the entire non-ferrous metal industry and overcoming the difficult period of the financial crisis. This plan was issued in a timely manner and with strength. Many of these measures can have a direct impact on non-ferrous industrial enterprises." Xiongweiping, general manager of Aluminum Corporation of China, expressed the common aspiration of the top ten industries

according to the data provided by the Ministry of industry and information technology, at present, the decline in the efficiency of Chinese enterprises has narrowed month by month. In the first 10 months of 2009, the profits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size in 22 provinces with statistical benefits fell by 3.4% year-on-year, 17.8 percentage points lower than that in the first half of the year. The loss ratio of enterprises decreased from 20% in the first half of the year to 16.9%. The total amount of taxes paid increased by 9.9% year-on-year. It is expected that the profit of enterprises in 2009 will achieve positive growth

while production rebounded, people's livelihood has also been effectively improved in the implementation of the ten revitalization plans. The policy of sending household appliances, agricultural machinery, automobiles and motorcycles to the countryside, as well as the policies of halving the purchase tax of small displacement passenger vehicles and exchanging old household appliances and automobiles for new ones, have benefited millions of urban and rural people and promoted the improvement of people's production and living standards

a total of 258 automobile and motorcycle manufacturing enterprises across the country have signed agreements with the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of industry and information technology on automobile and motorcycle going to the countryside, and more than 6300 automobile models and 9200 motorcycle models have participated in the activities of automobile and motorcycle going to the countryside. According to the statistics of the Ministry of finance, by the end of December 2009, the country had subsidized 5.83 million cars and motorcycles to the countryside and cashed 8.68 billion yuan of subsidy funds

under the guidance of the ten major adjustment and revitalization plans, the market demand structure of many industries has been optimized, and independent brands have developed rapidly

take automobile as an example. Under the policy of halving the purchase tax of passenger cars with a displacement of 1.6 liters and below, China sold 7.1955 million passenger cars with a displacement of 1.6 liters and below in 2009, an increase of 71.3% year-on-year, accounting for 69.7% of the passenger car sales market and 52.7% of the automobile sales market, an increase of 8 percentage points year-on-year

in 2009, the sales of self owned brand passenger cars were 4.577 million, accounting for 44.3% of the passenger car sales market. Car sales were 7.4731 million, of which 2.2173 million were self owned brand cars, accounting for 29.7% of the car market. The market share increased by nearly 4 percentage points year-on-year, nearly 5 percentage points higher than that of Japanese cars, which ranked second

industrial upgrading, accelerated development of emerging industries

Jin Bei, director of the Institute of industrial economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the transition process of ten pairs of weighing is not concerned about the choice of large industries, which actually contains two meanings. First, China's industrialization process is far from over, and industry still plays a decisive role in the national economy. The second is to deal with the financial crisis from the real economy, in this regard, China's policy orientation is very clear

throughout 2009, China promoted energy-saving and environmental protection technologies and equipment, and launched energy efficiency benchmarking in cement, nonferrous metals and other industries. Steel making, iron making, cement, flat glass, electrolytic aluminum and other industries eliminated backward production capacity of 16.9 million tons, 21.1 million tons, 74 million tons, 6 million boxes and 800000 tons respectively. In the first three quarters, the energy consumption per unit of industrial added value above designated size decreased by 9.2% year-on-year, and is expected to decline by more than 9% for the whole year. Chemical oxygen demand and sulfur dioxide emissions also continued to show a downward trend

at the same time, more than 50 large-scale mergers and acquisitions have been carried out in machinery, automobile, nonferrous metals, electronic information and other industries, Shougang, Baosteel and other enterprises have carried out equity acquisitions and mergers, Chang'an has successfully restructured AVIC automobile, Datang Telecom has taken shares in SMIC international, etc

at present, the world economy has begun to recover gradually, and the global economic structure is facing adjustment. The United States and other developed countries pay more attention to the real economy, implement "Reindustrialization" with advanced manufacturing as the core, vigorously develop new energy, new materials, electronic information and other emerging industries, and seize the commanding height of future science and technology and industrial development

"for China, the electronic information industry will become an important engine to promote the upgrading of traditional industries and cultivate new economic growth points because of its continuous innovation vitality and broad market prospects." Lou Qinjian, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said

the adjustment and revitalization plan of the top ten industries has repeatedly proposed to vigorously develop high-tech industries such as electronic information, accelerate the revitalization of equipment manufacturing, and cultivate productive service industries such as software information services, e-commerce, and modern logistics. A series of relevant measures have been implemented

in 2009, China implemented a number of key projects and demonstration projects, and improved policies and measures such as preferential import taxes for key equipment materials and supporting service outsourcing. The construction of several LCD panel production lines has started, and the software industry has become a new highlight of economic growth. National demonstration bases for new industrialization industries have also been established, and the first batch of 62 names have been publicized to the public

according to the planning requirements, the demonstration and promotion project of new energy vehicles has also been launched, and the technical regulations have been further improved. In 2009, 47 models of new energy vehicles from 24 automobile manufacturing enterprises were listed in the recommended model catalogue of the energy saving and new energy vehicle demonstration and application project by Zhang Weihua, head of the business department of the golden medical enterprise headquarters. At present, China has formulated and implemented 39 new energy vehicle standards, basically forming the framework of new energy vehicle technical standards system and testing and evaluation capabilities. New progress has been made in the formulation of 23 standards, including the technical conditions of pure electric passenger vehicles, and some standards have passed the review

the development mode needs to be changed urgently

in the view of Wang Ruixiang, President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, it has reached a critical moment to make great efforts to change the deep-seated contradictions in China's machinery industry and the unreasonable pattern of "low-end scuffle and high-end loss" of products

adjusting the structure and changing the development mode is the core of the ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plan

at present, most industries in China have problems of unreasonable structure, scattered enterprise layout, low industrial concentration and weak product competitiveness. Many industries are at the middle and low end of the global industrial chain, the proportion of high-tech industries is low, and the development of emerging industries lags behind on the whole

at the same time, the contradiction of overcapacity is more prominent under the condition of shrinking external demand. In recent years, investment in some industries has increased too fast, traditional industries such as steel and cement are still expanding blindly, a large number of backward production capacity need to be eliminated, and emerging industries such as wind power equipment and polysilicon also have a tendency of repeated construction

"the work of structural adjustment involves a wide range, strong policy, and difficult organization and coordination. Mergers and acquisitions and the elimination of backward production capacity are constrained by many factors, such as high employment pressure, imperfect systems and mechanisms, and the task is very arduous." Li Yizhong said

international experience shows that every major crisis is a major reshuffle of the world economy and a historical opportunity for the rise of great powers

Jin Bei believes that when the financial crisis makes Chinese enterprises generally accept the severe test, it also provides a special strategic adjustment opportunity for those competitive companies. In the future, Chinese industry must bid farewell to the era of "extensive manufacturing" and "rapid expansion", form the mechanism of "refined manufacturing" and "cleaner production", further consolidate the micro foundation of manufacturing competitiveness, and truly have the essence of modern industrial civilization

according to Li Yizhong, this year, China will focus on the objectives and tasks set in the adjustment and revitalization plan of key industries, implement the implementation rules item by item, and strive to make substantial progress in controlling the total amount, eliminating backwardness, mergers and acquisitions, energy conservation and emission reduction. The entry threshold of steel, cement, flat glass, coal chemical industry and other industries in energy consumption, environmental protection, comprehensive utilization of resources and other aspects will be raised. According to the implementation plan of different industries, the 2010 annual elimination targets of iron and steel, electrolytic aluminum, cement, calcium carbide, ferroalloy, coke and other industries will be broken down and implemented throughout the country, and supervision will be strengthened to strive for practical results

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI